Terry Mattingly: “Final Harry Potter wars? Part II”

I’m through the Nigredo portion of my monster post on Alchemy in Deathly Hallows. Maybe tomorrow I can storm through the Albedo and Rubedo so it will go up here for your comment and correction. Until then, I offer this placeholder and thought provoker for those All Pros who check into HogPro daily. My apologies for this delay!

Terry Mattingly directs the Washington Journalism Center at the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities. He writes the weekly religion column for the Scripps Howard News Service that is syndicated to papers throughout the country. He reports on the coverage of religion in Main Stream Media every day at www.GetReligion.org on which site in addition to his columns he has followed the “ghost” in the Harry Potter story since 1999. The first TMatt post Deathly Hallows column was called “Final Harry Potter Wars, Part I.” Here is the second part, hot off the presses:

Coming soon to a parish near you: Sunday school with Harry Potter.

This could happen if your congregation buys the new “Mixing it up with Harry Potter” study guides from the Church of England. The goal of the 12-part series is to use scenes from these omnipresent books and movies to help children discuss big issues such as death, sacrifice, loneliness, fear, mercy and grief.

“Jesus used storytelling to engage and challenge his listeners,” said Bishop John Pritchard of Oxford, speaking on behalf of the curriculum. “There’s nothing better than a good story to make people think, and there’s plenty in the Harry Potter books to make young people think about the choices they make in their everyday lives.”

In his introduction, study-guide author Owen Smith addressed the concerns many believers have voiced about J.K. Rowling’s books. As most residents of Planet Earth know by now, more than 325 million copies of the seven Harry Potter novels have been sold so far.

“The magic in the books is simply part of the magic that J. K. Rowling has created, in the same way that magic is part of the world of Christian writers such as C. S. Lewis,” said Smith. “To say … these books draw younger readers towards the occult seems to me both to malign J. K. Rowling and to vastly underestimate the ability of children and young people to separate the real from the imaginary.”

At least three kinds of critics have knocked Rowling’s work, when it comes to religion. Some say the books are secular and contain no theological content at all, while, on the other side, many others insist that Potter-mania may lead to interest in witchcraft. Some simply say the books send mixed signals and should be avoided.

However, there are also at least three positive schools of thought about Rowling’s take on faith.

* Like the Church of England educators, some supporters say the Potter books can — at the very least — be mined as acceptable sources of stories to help teach young people about faith. One early evangelical book making this case, “The Gospel According to Harry Potter” by Connie Neal, was blacklisted in many Christian bookstores.

* While Catholics have debated the merits of Rowling’s work, a Vatican voice on culture has said the novels portray clashes between good and evil in a manner consistent with Christianity. Speaking in 2003, Father Peter Fleetwood noted that the author is “Christian by conviction, is Christian in her mode of living, even in her way of writing.”

Rowling has confirmed that she is a Christian and a communicant in the Church of Scotland, which has Presbyterian roots. In one oft-quoted interview, she told a Canadian newspaper: “Every time I’ve been asked if I believe in God, I’ve said, ‘yes,’ because I do. But no one ever really has gone any more deeply into it than that and, I have to say that does suit me.”

Thus, this group of Potter supporters argues that Rowling is a Christian — perhaps one with liberal beliefs — who has chosen to write mainstream books containing Christian symbols and language. In other words, she is a Christian who writes books, but not “Christian books.”

* Some go further and find elements of overt Christian storytelling — especially in the new “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.” They may, for example, see parallels between Potter’s willingness to surrender his life to save others from the evil Lord Voldemort and the redemptive sacrifice made by the Christ figure in “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe” by Lewis.

There’s more. In a pivotal baptism sequence, Potter dives into deadly waters to recover a sword — described as a “great silver cross” — required to destroy evil treasures. Finally, there is a vision of life after death set in a heavenly “King’s Cross” train station.

Literary critic John Granger of HogwartsProfessor.com has been making this argument for years. He thinks Rowling must be considered a “Christian artist,” yet one who faces her own doubts and struggles.

“The Gospel messages and allusions in the series finale were so transparent and edifying, surely, I thought, the Harry Haters must be having second thoughts, if not regrets about things they have said with such conviction the past 10 years in print and from the pulpit,” said Granger. “I haven’t seen any sign of this. Have you?”

Terry Mattingly (www.tmatt.net) directs the Washington Journalism Center at the Council for Christian Colleges & Universities.


  1. Travis Prinzi says

    Some good stuff by TMatt, though I’d be much more inclined to put you, John, in his second category rather than his third, based on your talk at Prophecy. Would I be off base in that assumption?

  2. I’ve been covering the Potter wars since 1999 and there’s material at tmatt.net and in my book, “Pop Goes Religion: Faith in Popular Culture.”

    Also try this:


  3. Travis Prinzi wrote:

    I’d be much more inclined to put you, John, in his second category rather than his third, based on your talk at Prophecy. Would I be off base in that assumption?

    I think I’m stuck in a chicken-egg dilemma here. If I assert — as I did in Toronto — that Ms. Rowling is a Christian-who-writes rather than a “Christian writer” (meaning someone writing pablum novels for sale in Christian ghettos exclusively or just someone writing with an evangelical message as her priority), does that mean I am compelled to downplay the importance of the traditional symbolism and what she calls the “religious undertones” of her books? It seems to be a category controversy, no?

    Ms. Rowling is a “Christian who writes,” who, almost 17 years ago, gave these books a remarkably Calvary/Stone Table-like ending. She persisted in writing her books with this ending as her focus and using that ending despite having been savaged by many Christians for close to ten years as a pagan or worse. My suspicion is that her next books will not have the undertones that Harry Potter does. Just a guess. Of course, she could be smuggling the gospel and smart enough to know that successful smugglers don’t boast to the folks being bamboozled about the smuggling.

    I have changed the above post to reflect TMatt’s clarification that he was covering the Potter Wars before I had even heard of the boy wizard. His http://www.GetReligion.org coverage of this issue and all MSM coverage (or lack of coverage) of religious stories or the ghost of religion in news stories is a must see.

  4. Arabella Figg says

    First, tmatt, I read your Pop Goes Religion when it came out and thought it was fantastic. Would that your column ran in our paper. I recommend it to all, especially those interested in where culture and faith meet.

    John, thanks for my laugh of the day–“writing pablum novels for sale in Christian ghettos exclusively”–dont forget your Jesus Mints on the way out of the store!

    There goes Thudders, again, trying to take down my favorite Gospel tchotchke…

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